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ethiopia-mapEthiopia is situated in North Eastern Africa, bordering Sudan, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia and Kenya. One of the oldest sites of human existence known to scientists, Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world, one of the first countries to have officially adopted Christianity as the state religion as early as the 4th century and an independent country ethiopia-mapcontinuously since ancient times.

Today, Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries on earth and yet one of the
fastest in growth. It has a population of around 80 million people, mostly rural and a GDP/capita of 868 (World Bank data of 2008). Life expectancy is as low as 55.4 years, while infant mortality rate is very high at 80.8 deaths/1.000 live births. Ethiopia has only 2.6 medical doctors per 100,000 people.

The Tigray region is one of the nine ethnic regions of Ethiopia, with an estimated total population of 4.5 million. Mekelle is the capital of the Tigray Region, the largest city in northern Ethiopia and the sixth largest in Ethiopia.
Mekelle University was created in May 2000, it includes seven faculties and 44 departments.
general_informationsThe College of Health Sciences was established in December 2002 and in early 2004 the university acquired the Ayder Referral Hospital from the Tigray Region Health Bureau.

The Ayder Hospital, which serves as a referral hospital for the 4 million people of the Tigray region, opened in September 2008. Although it has a total capacity of 480 beds and 7 operating tables, only 240 beds and 3 operating tables are operational, as it does not have enough medical equipment or doctors to fully utilize the facility.

Currently, it has only 12 specialized doctors, including three internists, three pediatricians, two gynecologists, one surgeon, one radiologist, one dermatologist and one pshyciatrist, assisted in their difficult task by twenty general practitioner trainees.